The UN Will Use Blockchain to Combat Child Trafficking
November 13, 2017
The United Nations in partnership with the World Identity Network (WIN) will develop a pilot blockchain project aimed to help curb the child trafficking. The announcement was issued at the Humanitarian Blockchain Summit, held in New York. On behalf of the UN, the Office for Project Services and the Office of Information and Communication Technologies will participate in the development, according to a press release.
Storing electronic identity cards on the blockchain provides more opportunities to catch traffickers, their attempts to kidnap and transport children will be easier to track and prevent.
'Invisible' children under 5 years old, who do not have a birth certificate, are at the highest risk and can be kidnapped for further sale, says Mariana Dahan, co-founder and head of WIN. These children are not a part any social programs of their states and various international development agencies.
"Many developing countries are actively looking for more effective ways to combat child trafficking. The identification of each child is at the heart of the solution," Dahan said.
Traffickers use fake documents to transport abducted children across borders in order to use them for criminal purposes: organ trafficking, sexual exploitation, etc.
According to Yannick Glemarek, UN Women Deputy Executive Director, trafficking in children is a serious violation of human rights, and the use of the blockchain in the fight against it can save 'millions of children'.
In order for the project to move from a pilot stage to the performing one, the UN and WIN are waiting for support from private companies, academies, NGOs and others who want to contribute to the fight against child trafficking.